Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly

The present State of Tamil Nadu was the residuary part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency. The Madras Legislative Council was set up in 1921 under the Government of India Act, 1919. The term of the Council was three years. It consisted of 132 members of which 34 were nominated by the Governor and the rest were elected.

The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for a bicameral Legislature in the Province of Madras with a Legislative Assembly consisting of 215 members and a Legislative Council having 56 members. The First Assembly was constituted in July 1937. The Legislative Council was a permanent body not subject to dissolution but as nearly as one third of the members retire every three years.

The First Legislative Assembly of the present Tamil Nadu State was constituted in March 1952. The State of Madras was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1969. A Government  Resolution seeking to abolish the Legislative Council was adopted by the Legislative Assembly on 14 May 1986. Thereafter, the Legislative Council was abolished with effect from 1 November 1986 through an Act of Parliament titled as The Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986.

At present, the State Legislature is unicameral with Legislative Assembly consisting of 235 members including one nominated member. The term of the Assembly is five years unless sooner dissolved. The present fourteenth Legislative Assembly, was constituted on 14th May 2011.